Skilled workers of every age have prized their tools. I recently visited a Museum of Natural History and was amazed at the craftsmanship and precision of the sextants and chronometers that allowed explorers to map our world in the 18th and 19th centuries. Such tools must have cost many years' wages for the average person! I was reminded of how my Grandfather prized and cared for the tools he used on his farm. I vividly remember his showing me how to work a haybaler or oil the harness for his team of horses, tools from an age that is long-gone. But it brings up the question: What are the tools for our age, and what are the skills we will need to keep them "sharp" and useful? I suggest the following tools for your 21st Century Toolbox:
1. Extreme Self-Care: Just like early explorers took extraordinary measures to protect their compass and sextant, keeping them in beautifully finished wooden boxes, so in tomorrow's world we will need to be well-oiled, rested, polished and precisely balanced.
2. Response-Ability: In an earlier generation, a farmer could experiment with new crops or buy a "new-fangled" tractor over a period of several years. In the 21st Century, change will occur daily, and the ability to respond instantly will be the difference between success and total "crop failure."
3. Resource Management: In the 1930's the American Dust-bowl disaster was caused by a belief that the land was endless and resources were boundless, so farmers destroyed the sod, laid bare the land, and the wind simply blew it away. In the next century, the most successful will be those who manage their resources and have the most efficient reserves of creativity, time, space and energy.
4. Character: My great-uncle was known for the beautiful walking sticks he made by hand, carving them during the long winter months. Each one was unique and they have become family heirlooms. In the 21st century we won't leave our mark on wood or stone nearly as often as we will leave our mark on the memories of those who buy our products and services. But I expect the quality of our character will show through just as clearly as the marks he carved into those sticks testify to his patience, strength and dignity.
5. Fence Mending: Robert Frost wrote a poem about "mending wall", and said, "good fences make good neighbors". For a thousand generations, that meant piling rock upon rock, or stretching wire from post to post. In the 21st century, the principle remains the same. Boundaries, roles and responsibilities must be agreed upon, be clearly marked and be maintained.
6. Simplicity: I once heard that until the end of World War II, it was rare for any human being to eat anything that was not raised and harvested within 25 miles of them. Ask anyone who lived through the Depression if they remember the miracle of an orange, brought by special shipment all the way from Florida, as a Christmas treat. It happened once a year! In the 21st Century, those who achieve extraordinary success will be those who, in the midst of clutter and chaos, choose to simplify their lives, focus on their priorities, and pursue their goals.
7. Insatiable Curiosity: Something drove explorers to risk falling off the edge of a "flat earth". The "Mountain Men" (and women) explored the American frontier, and every child asks, "Where do babies come from?" or the eternal, basic question, "Why?" Curiosity will remain an essential tool for the new age. It will drive some to look, listen, experiment and learn new skills, while others will quickly be left behind.
8. Risk Management: This is a 20th century term for an ancient principle: Those who are too timid, get left behind, while those who are too impulsive, usually die young. In the 21st century, we will rarely face risks that are life-threatening, but those with the ability to accurately assess the risks and potential rewards in a new situation will flourish, while those who blindly resist change or blindly run after every new fad will quickly fail.
9. Contextual Creativity: My grandfather had no use for "modern art". He scoffed at the luxury of throwing paint at a canvas or using "gutter language" in poetry. For him creativity was grafting a branch from a pear tree onto an apple tree, and art meant growing more wheat per acre than any other farmer in the county. In the 21st Century, the most valued creators will remain those who can work with what lies at hand, and fashion something new and useful from what others have discarded as old, familiar and useless.
10. Lofty Aspirations: In every age, ambition counts for something. During the Depression, there was no more devastating allegation than that someone was "lazy." I remember my Grandmother scoffing that a neighbor "will never amount to nothing, he doesn't expect to!" Perhaps, in the new century, the most important of all tools will be the expectation that we can succeed, that we can contribute, that we can make a difference. Past generations expected life to be difficult, but they also expected to endure and overcome, and that expectation was tangible, it was as real as spring after the winter, and it kept them going. Aspiration is a powerful tool!
Whatever items you choose for your personal toolbox, choose wisely! To make a living and provide value to those around us, requires the ability to start with a vision, blend it with skill, and produce a result that has value in the real world. Almost always, whether it's the artist's paintbrush or the surgeon's scalpel, that means using tools. Please consider these ten for your toolbox!
Transport minister says senior management of Genoa bridge operator âmust step downâ
Italyâs transport minister has called on senior managers at the company that operated the collapsed Genoa motorway bridge to resign, as the death toll rose to at least 37.
Rescuers searched overnight for survivors through tons of concrete and steel under the shattered structure of the Morandi Bridge. âWeâre not giving up hope, weâve already saved a dozen people from under the rubble,â a fire official, Emanuele Giffi, told AFP. âWeâre going to work round the clock until the last victim is secured.â
As judge prepares key ruling, Siti Aisyahâs mother recounts her daughterâs journey from aspiring TV star to suspected tool of North Korean regime
In the beginning, there were a few times that Benah pretended not to know her daughter, Siti Aisyah. She just couldnât face the questions.
One day while Benah was visiting the doctor in town the receptionist recognised the name of her sleepy Javanese village, Rancasumur â a name popularised by the nightly news. âHow far away is your house from Sitiâs?â the receptionist asked, leaning in conspiratorially. âOh, itâs far,â replied Benah, âI donât even know her.â
Politicians unite in condemnation of Fraser Anningâs speech, but his party leader Bob Katter says he backs him â1000%â
Bob Katter, the veteran Queensland political maverick, has lauded an inflammatory speech by his Senate representative, Fraser Anning, declaring the contribution âabsolutely magnificentâ and âeverything that this country should be doingâ.
Far-right conspiracy theorist will not be able to tweet, retweet or favourite tweets for seven days
Controversial Infowars conspiracy theorist Alex Jones has been suspended from Twitter for up to seven days.
The suspension has put Jones into what Twitter describes as âread-only modeâ preventing him from tweeting, liking or retweeting, but not removing his tweets or personal account from the social network. The Infowars Twitter account remains unaffected.
Arrested man, thought to be Salih Khater, 29, of Birmingham
Officers raid properties in Nottingham and Birmingham
Mayor suggests Parliament Square could be pedestrianised
Police are continuing to question a man over a suspected terrorist attack in Westminster on Tuesday, after the investigation went nationwide with raids on addresses in Nottingham and Birmingham.
The 29-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of preparing an act of terrorism after a silver Ford Fiesta was driven into cyclists travelling around Parliament Square on Tuesday morning. He is understood to be Salih Khater, a British national who lives in the Sparkbrook area of Birmingham and is of Sudanese origin.
Priests harmed more than 1,000 children according to a grand jury report released by the state supreme court
More than 300 âpredator priestsâ were found to have committed sexual abuse in Pennsylvania, harming more than 1,000 children, according to a grand jury report released by the state supreme court on Tuesday.
The near-900-page report is the result of one of the largest US investigations into sexual abuse in the Catholic church. In painful detail, it showcases how for decades one of the most powerful churches in the world hid the abuse and suffering of children.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus âmore worried after the visit than beforeâ, as death toll in north-east of country reaches 41
The director general of the World Health Organization has appealed for an end to fighting in the north-east Democratic Republic of the Congo to allow humanitarian groups to tackle the Ebola outbreak there.
On his return from a trip to North Kivu where there have been 57 probable cases and 41 deaths so far, a sombre Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said he was âactually more worried after the visit than before the visitâ.
Hotter, drier summers in Australia mean longer fire seasons â and urban sprawl into bushland is putting more people at risk
At first the smoke on the horizon âdidnât look like anything major,â says Joe Mercieca of that day in 2013. But then the wind picked up.
His house in the Blue Mountains, an hour and a half out of Sydney, was soon surrounded by the blaze. âI told my wife it was too late, letâs retreat,â he says. Mercieca, Merylese and their dog took shelter in the concrete fire bunker they had built beneath their house. âWe sat in there and listened to everything explode.â
Cities are already up to 10C hotter than surrounding areas. As temperatures rise, here are four ways to cool cities down â saving both lives and energy
If youâve felt uncomfortably hot in a city this summer, chances are itâs not just because of the weather. Look around any urban centre and youâll see the built environment itself exacerbates summer temperatures.
Vehicles stuck in traffic emitting heat. Airconditioners pumping waste heat into the air. Concrete and asphalt across almost every surface, absorbing and radiating the sunâs rays. Urban canyons formed between tall buildings, trapping heat at the street level.
Heat now kills more Americans than floods, hurricanes or other natural disasters â but cities are facing it almost entirely alone
On yet another day of roasting heat in Phoenix, elderly and homeless people scurry between shards of shade in search of respite at the Marcos De Niza Senior Center. Along with several dozen other institutions in the city, it has been set up as a cooling centre: a free public refuge, with air conditioning, chilled bottled water, boardgames and books. Last summer a record 155 people died in Phoenix from excess heat, and the city is straining to avoid a repeat.
James Sanders, an 83-year-old who goes by King, has lived in the city for 60 years and considers himself acclimatised to the baking south Arizona sun. âIt does seem hotter than it used to be, though,â he says as he picks at his lunch, the temperature having climbed to 42C (107F) outside. âMaybe itâs my age. Maybe the wind isnât blowing. It canât get much hotter than this though. Can it?â
Migrants also speak of phones damaged or being taunted but Croatian authorities deny allegations
The lucky ones escaped with only their mobile phones smashed. Those less fortunate say they were beaten with sticks, taunted or attacked with dogs. Many allege they had large sums of money stolen.
According to the testimony of migrants and monitoring groups, the Croatian police force is engaging in a systematic campaign of violence and theft against migrants and refugees attempting to find a route to western Europe through the country.
Allegations of rape and trafficking of five girls date from between 2005 and 2012
Thirty men have been charged with raping and trafficking five girls in West Yorkshire.
The allegations against the defendants are non-recent sexual offences dating back to between 2005 and 2012. They relate to five women who say they were abused as children in the Huddersfield area between the ages of 12 and 18.
Party says leader had been attending memorial to Palestinian airstrike victims
Labour has hit out at what it said were âfalse and misleadingâ claims about Jeremy Corbynâs visit to the Palestinian cemetery in Tunis and insisted he had attended an annual memorial for victims of an Israeli air attack on the Palestine Liberation Organisation headquarters in October 1985.
The party offered its most complete version of events yet about Corbynâs controversial visit in 2014, and said the commemoration for the 74 people who had died was attended by âmainstream leadersâ, including a Palestinian authority minister.
Christine Hallquist becomes first transgender American to be a major party nominee for governor, while Minnesota Republicans reject Tim Pawlenty
Democrats in Vermont have chosen for the first transgender nominee for governor for a major party, in primaries that also saw Minnesota Republicans reject a former two-term governor attacked as not supportive enough of Donald Trump.
Homicide rates in Mexico and Brazil are climbing even further. Yet Britain could learn from listening to debates in Latin America
Brazil has set a new and chilling record: it saw seven homicides each hour in 2017, or almost 64,000 deaths, a 3% annual increase on a sky-high rate. Mexico is on course to another unwelcome milestone, with nearly 16,000 homicides in the first half of this year, up 15% year-on-year on already record levels. More people are murdered than die in wars worldwide, and they are especially likely to be killed in Latin America. Brazil has 30 homicides per 100,000 citizens, compared with five in the US and around one in England and Wales even after a recent rise.
Victims and their families are not the only sufferers; 42% of Brazilians are âvery afraidâ of being murdered (in fact, victims are disproportionately young black men, although femicide is also a cause of grave and growing concern). The government estimates that violence cost the country nearly $2tn over two decades. Yet as daunting as the figures are, the problem is not irresolvable. âViolence can be prevented. This is not an article of faith, but a statement based on evidence,â says the World Health Organization. A campaign by multiple NGOs aims to halve the regionâs murder rate in a decade; cities such as BogotĂĄ and Cali have delivered dramatic falls in the past, although not always sustainably.
Lucy Lamble talks to Sandra Olsson from Child Soldiers International, who works with girls formerly caught up in armed groups in Democratic Republic of the Congo as they struggle to settle back in their communities
After studying in Gothenburg and Ghanaâs Cape Coast, Sandra Olsson worked for Unicef before joining Child Soldiers International and researching the lives of girl soldiers in eastern DRC. Often used as âwivesâ and sexually abused by other soldiers, many former girl soldiers are shunned by family and friends when they are released or escape. The girls spoke of their strong wish to go back to school and CSI now runs a programme to help them return to education, despite the stigma they face.
ConocoPhillips and Perenco try to stop ÂŁ140m levy from sale of oilfields in key case for tax avoidance by multinationals
Two multinational oil companies have launched a pre-emptive legal strike, seeking to stop Vietnam from collecting taxes on the profits made in a major oil deal.
An investigation by Finance Uncovered has found that ConocoPhillips and Perenco will attempt to stop the Vietnamese government from levying an estimated $179m (ÂŁ140m) in taxes on the profits made from the sale of oilfields in the country. The dispute will be heard at a little-known but powerful international court, so secretive that information on the date and location of the hearing is restricted.
Agriculture startups from around the world gathered at a vibrant conference sponsored by pesticide manufacturer
As confetti showers a theatre inside Rio de Janeiroâs normally sedate Museum of Tomorrow, electronic pop music pounds and dozens of young people crowd the stage to dance enthusiastically, hugging each other and waving flags as their audience films the festivities on their phones.
But this is not a religious event, or a disco. Itâs an unusual conference that has attracted several hundred young people from across the world to pitch and discuss ideas on how to feed the worldâs booming population with agriculture startups â and make their fortunes doing so.
One year after visiting the Philippines to document the impact of President Rodrigo Duterteâs crackdown on drugs, photographer James Whitlow Delano returns to the city of Navotas, Metro Manila, to assess the impact of a campaign that has now claimed up to 20,000 lives
Teenage widow Jasmine Durana dries off her 18-month-old daughter, Hazel, after a morning bath, before preparing a fire to make breakfast. Plastic jerrycans hang on the rafters behind her in the one-room slum dwelling she shares with her parents, two brothers and younger sister.
The single mother, who saved for a month to pay for the containers, hopes they will help her to launch a new business selling drinks in the market or near a local school.
Pontiff vowed âdecisive actionâ when elected but has failed to get a grip on series of scandals
The damning report on the sexual abuse of potentially thousands of children by priests in Pennsylvania, and the subsequent cover-up by a Catholic church primarily interested in self-protection, is another blow for Pope Francis, who is already reeling after a series of damaging scandals over recent months.
The shocking accounts of rape and assault of vulnerable children by men who are supposed to be moral exemplars are bad enough. But, as is almost always the case, the actual abuse is compounded by collusion and concealment by senior church figures and attempts to silence and intimidate survivors.
Bob Goodlatteâs son and Stephen Millerâs uncle have proved that when it comes to politics blood is not thicker than water
The Republican party is increasingly alienating younger voters,older voters and voters in the suburbs. But there is one constituency turning against GOP lawmakers that they must be especially disappointed about losing: their own family members.
On Monday, Bobby Goodlatte, a Virginia-based designer, announced he had donated the maximum amount to Jennifer Lewis, the Democrat running in Virginiaâs sixth congressional district. He also claimed he persuaded five others to do the same. There was nothing untoward about the donations save for the fact that Goodlatteâs father, GOP congressman Bob Goodlatte, has been the representative for the district since 1993. Bobby says he wants to âflipâ districts like his fatherâs in 2018.
Todayâs economic uncertainty and struggle can motivate people to change their allegiances and sensibilities, and make âpie-in-the-skyâ solutions seem more attainable
After another week of political despair and tawdry scandals involving porn stars and payoffs, we retreat into our Netflix accounts and wait for all this to end.
Or do we? At the end of July, US senator Bernie Sanders proposed a bill abolishing cash bail, long a scourge of indigent people and the activists who defend them. âPoverty is not a crime,â Sanders said. âHundreds of thousands of Americans, convicted of nothing, should not be in jail today because they cannot afford cash bail.â
As the public spat between Donald Trump and former aide Omarosa Manigault Newman continued, the White House was unable to guarantee that no recordings existed of the president using the 'N-word'. Manigault Newman, a former contestant on the reality TV show The Apprentice, is promoting a memoir, Unhinged, in which she recounts her time in the Trump administration before she was fired last year
Helicopter footage released by the Italian fire brigade shows the full extent of destruction after a motorway bridge collapsed in the northern Italian port city of Genoa, killing at least 23 people and injuring 15. Firefighters have been working at the scene searching for survivors and bodies amid the rubble
Omarosa Manigault Newman has revealed on CBS This Morning a third tape that she claims is a recording of a 2016 conference call among Donald Trump's campaign aides discussing how to address potential fallout from the release of tapes that allegedly showed Trump using the N-word. The aides had previously denied that any such conversations had taken place. On Monday, Trump denied claims of racism and said Manigault Newman was a liar for claiming he used the N-word: 'I donât have that word in my vocabulary and never have. She made it up.'
At least 20 people have been killed after a motorway bridge collapsed in torrential rain in the northern Italian port city of Genoa. An 80-metre section of the bridge, including one set of the supports that tower above it, crashed down on to the roof of a factory and other buildings, crushing at least one lorry and plunging huge slabs of concrete into the river below
The Perseid meteor shower has been spotted across Europe, the US and Canada. Darker skies have created a spectacular show. The annual occurrence can be seen until the 24 August, but peaked on 11-13 August
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