Skilled workers of every age have prized their tools. I recently visited a Museum of Natural History and was amazed at the craftsmanship and precision of the sextants and chronometers that allowed explorers to map our world in the 18th and 19th centuries. Such tools must have cost many years' wages for the average person! I was reminded of how my Grandfather prized and cared for the tools he used on his farm. I vividly remember his showing me how to work a haybaler or oil the harness for his team of horses, tools from an age that is long-gone. But it brings up the question: What are the tools for our age, and what are the skills we will need to keep them "sharp" and useful? I suggest the following tools for your 21st Century Toolbox:
1. Extreme Self-Care: Just like early explorers took extraordinary measures to protect their compass and sextant, keeping them in beautifully finished wooden boxes, so in tomorrow's world we will need to be well-oiled, rested, polished and precisely balanced.
2. Response-Ability: In an earlier generation, a farmer could experiment with new crops or buy a "new-fangled" tractor over a period of several years. In the 21st Century, change will occur daily, and the ability to respond instantly will be the difference between success and total "crop failure."
3. Resource Management: In the 1930's the American Dust-bowl disaster was caused by a belief that the land was endless and resources were boundless, so farmers destroyed the sod, laid bare the land, and the wind simply blew it away. In the next century, the most successful will be those who manage their resources and have the most efficient reserves of creativity, time, space and energy.
4. Character: My great-uncle was known for the beautiful walking sticks he made by hand, carving them during the long winter months. Each one was unique and they have become family heirlooms. In the 21st century we won't leave our mark on wood or stone nearly as often as we will leave our mark on the memories of those who buy our products and services. But I expect the quality of our character will show through just as clearly as the marks he carved into those sticks testify to his patience, strength and dignity.
5. Fence Mending: Robert Frost wrote a poem about "mending wall", and said, "good fences make good neighbors". For a thousand generations, that meant piling rock upon rock, or stretching wire from post to post. In the 21st century, the principle remains the same. Boundaries, roles and responsibilities must be agreed upon, be clearly marked and be maintained.
6. Simplicity: I once heard that until the end of World War II, it was rare for any human being to eat anything that was not raised and harvested within 25 miles of them. Ask anyone who lived through the Depression if they remember the miracle of an orange, brought by special shipment all the way from Florida, as a Christmas treat. It happened once a year! In the 21st Century, those who achieve extraordinary success will be those who, in the midst of clutter and chaos, choose to simplify their lives, focus on their priorities, and pursue their goals.
7. Insatiable Curiosity: Something drove explorers to risk falling off the edge of a "flat earth". The "Mountain Men" (and women) explored the American frontier, and every child asks, "Where do babies come from?" or the eternal, basic question, "Why?" Curiosity will remain an essential tool for the new age. It will drive some to look, listen, experiment and learn new skills, while others will quickly be left behind.
8. Risk Management: This is a 20th century term for an ancient principle: Those who are too timid, get left behind, while those who are too impulsive, usually die young. In the 21st century, we will rarely face risks that are life-threatening, but those with the ability to accurately assess the risks and potential rewards in a new situation will flourish, while those who blindly resist change or blindly run after every new fad will quickly fail.
9. Contextual Creativity: My grandfather had no use for "modern art". He scoffed at the luxury of throwing paint at a canvas or using "gutter language" in poetry. For him creativity was grafting a branch from a pear tree onto an apple tree, and art meant growing more wheat per acre than any other farmer in the county. In the 21st Century, the most valued creators will remain those who can work with what lies at hand, and fashion something new and useful from what others have discarded as old, familiar and useless.
10. Lofty Aspirations: In every age, ambition counts for something. During the Depression, there was no more devastating allegation than that someone was "lazy." I remember my Grandmother scoffing that a neighbor "will never amount to nothing, he doesn't expect to!" Perhaps, in the new century, the most important of all tools will be the expectation that we can succeed, that we can contribute, that we can make a difference. Past generations expected life to be difficult, but they also expected to endure and overcome, and that expectation was tangible, it was as real as spring after the winter, and it kept them going. Aspiration is a powerful tool!
Whatever items you choose for your personal toolbox, choose wisely! To make a living and provide value to those around us, requires the ability to start with a vision, blend it with skill, and produce a result that has value in the real world. Almost always, whether it's the artist's paintbrush or the surgeon's scalpel, that means using tools. Please consider these ten for your toolbox!
Plan to strike backstop deal falls through with PM facing possible cabinet revolt at home
The Brexit negotiations are on a knife-edge as Theresa May‚Äôs domestic vulnerability over the Irish border threatens to kill off hopes of an October deal, with the Brexit secretary, Dominic Raab, forced to make a dash to Brussels to seek more time from the EU‚Äôs chief negotiator, Michel Barnier.
Exit polls show CSU losing majority it has long enjoyed as far-right AfD makes gains
Angela Merkel‚Äôs conservative partners in Bavaria have had their worst election performance for more than six decades, in a humiliating state poll result that is likely to further weaken Germany‚Äôs embattled coalition government.
The Christian Social Union secured 37.2% of the vote, preliminary results showed, losing the absolute majority in the prosperous southern state it had had almost consistently since the second world war. The party‚Äôs support fell below 40% for the first time since 1954.
Pakistan‚Äôs stock market has made a bad start to the new week, falling over 2% in early trading.
That follows a 4% tumble last week, as investors fretted about Pakistan‚Äôs economic outlook.
Pakistan's stock markets tumbles yet again - index down 2% in biggest decline in Asia today. Its dropped by such a level or more only 10 times this year pic.twitter.com/SQ9Im7PtU5
Germany‚Äôs stock exchange has been hit by a technical glitch that has prevented trading getting underway.
The Financial Times explains:
The opening of trade in Deutsche B√∂rse‚Äôs stock market, the primary trading venue for German equities, was delayed on Monday by ‚Äútechnical problems‚ÄĚ.
Deutsche B√∂rse‚Äôs Xetrastock exchange, one of Europe‚Äôs biggest, faced issues with its ‚Äútrading infrastructure‚ÄĚ which meant the ‚Äútrading start will not take place according to the usual trading schedule.‚ÄĚ
Based on real events, Kler has broken box office records and divided Catholic country
A film depicting Polish clerics as corrupt, drunken fornicators and paedophiles is smashing box office records in Poland, sparking controversy and encouraging hundreds of people to come forward with allegations of recent and historical abuse.
Based on real events, Kler (The Clergy), by the director Wojciech Smarzowski, which includes testimonies of survivors, features an alcoholic priest who encourages his lover to have an abortion, a priest accused of abusing a young boy, a senior cleric engaged in corruption and blackmail, and a grotesque, foul-mouthed archbishop cutting deals with politicians and mobsters, all operating with impunity against the backdrop of a passive and credulous society portrayed as complicit in the crimes being committed.
The company, which owns the discount chain Kmart, has filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy in New York as it struggles with a debt burden of $5.6bn (¬£4.3bn). It will shut another 142 stores by the end of the year, following 46 recently announced store closures. The company had 506 Sears stores and 360 Kmart stores in August.
Residents say ‚ÄėLantau Tomorrow Vision‚Äô, the city‚Äôs largest land reclamation project, is costly and will kill marine life
Thousands of Hong Kong residents protested at the weekend over a government plan to build artificial islands to deal with the city‚Äôs severe housing shortage.
Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam last week announced a plan to reclaim about 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres) from the ocean and build infrastructure and transportation links to create a major business district. The islands, which would be Hong Kong‚Äôs largest land reclamation project, would eventually house up to 1.1 million residents over the next few decades.
Crowdfunding campaign easily covers $18,000 fine, but money will be sent to mental health charity
Two New Zealand women who were ordered to pay damages by an Israeli court for their role in Lorde cancelling a Tel Aviv concert have raised the sum through donations ‚Äď but plan to give the money to the Gaza Mental Health Foundation instead.
Last week an Israeli court ruled Justine Sachs and Nadia Abu-Shanab of New Zealand must pay damages to Israeli teenagers Shoshana Steinbach, Ayelet Wertzel and Ahuva Frogel totalling more than NZ$18,000 ($11,700) for writing a letter urging Lorde to cancel her gig, which she did.
Kensington Palace says Duchess of Sussex, who is on tour in Australia with her husband, is pregnant
The Duke and Duchess of Sussex have announced that they are expecting a baby next spring.
A statement from Kensington Palace said: ‚ÄúTheir Royal Highnesses have appreciated all of the support they have received from people around the world since their wedding in May and are delighted to be able to share this happy news with the public.‚ÄĚ
Dunkirk is a month into a project that makes it the biggest European city to offer free public transport. So what do people think?
One month after the French channel port of Dunkirk introduced free public transport for all, a small revolution is taking place.
Two women, perfect strangers until now, are chatting across the aisle about nothing in particular. One admits she sometimes takes the bus ‚Äújust for the fun of it‚ÄĚ. A young man wearing headphones is charging his mobile in a socket just above the ‚Äúrequest stop‚ÄĚ button.
The city has more than 1,400 tianguis ‚Äď open-air markets that operate on certain days of the week ‚Äď and many have been around for centuries. Professor Joseph Heathcott uses satellite images to highlight these unique spaces
The new Asian Town mall was designed to cater to Qatar‚Äôs roughly 2 million migrant workers ‚Äď but critics say it is simply a way to segregate them
At first glance, it is like any other entertainment complex in Qatar: a giant shopping mall, a multiplex cinema and an amphitheatre for musical shows. But there are no high-end boutiques, no women ‚Ä¶ and no Qataris.
Welcome to Asian Town, an entertainment and shopping venue in the heart of the largest labour camp in Qatar, on the outskirts of the capital, Doha. Each day, thousands of young men gather here from the workers‚Äô dormitories that stretch out into the desert for miles around, to enjoy mutton curries, Bollywood films or just a sanctuary from the searing heat.
After 20 years, squatters occupying the Amsterdamse Droogdok Maatschappij former shipyard have been ordered to leave. Photographer Sanne Derks met members of the community, who say moving elsewhere is impossible
Automaker‚Äôs plans come at a $740m price, of which taxpayers would cover $239m, and insists public assistance is necessary
For three decades, the 18-story, beaux arts Michigan Central Station sat vacant on downtown Detroit‚Äôs edge, a hulking, decaying symbol of the economic struggles in the city around it. Today, as greater downtown rebounds, it‚Äôs one of the last vestiges of an era the city is trying to put behind it.
A Facebook campaign turned Raices into a symbol of zero tolerance opposition almost overnight. The Guardian visits the team on the ground
From the outside it does not look like much ‚Äď a tucked-away corner unit opposite a health-food shop in a low-slung, low-rent strip mall in a humdrum suburb on the outskirts of San Antonio.
Despite the modest surrounds, this is the home of a fiercely determined force battling one of the highest-profile and controversial policies of the Trump administration, the separation of families at the southern border.
Hamza Abbas is on trial charged with conspiring to plan Christmas Day terrorism attacks on Melbourne
Hamza Abbas could not be trusted to know the details of an alleged Christmas Day Melbourne terror plot, and jurors deciding his involvement might judge him the ‚Äúidiot brother‚ÄĚ rather than complicit, his lawyer says.
The 23-year-old is on trial in the supreme court with his cousin Abdullah Chaarani, 27, and Ahmed Mohamed, 25, charged with conspiring to prepare and plan an attack on Federation Square, Flinders Street station and St Paul‚Äôs cathedral two years ago.
Young people talk about how it feels to grow up in 2018, from dealing with racism in New York and fighting for LGBT rights in Jakarta to facing exam pressures in the Kenyan Rift Valley and the importance of giving back to society in Delhi
Every other minute, a woman or girl dies as a result of pregnancy complications or childbirth. Why has the global decline in maternal mortality stalled?
According to the latest UN global estimates, 303,000 women a year die in childbirth, or as a result of complications arising from pregnancy. This equates to about 830 women dying each day ‚Äď roughly one every two minutes.
The philanthropist warns that stability in Africa makes a huge difference to the world, and that investing in the health and education of its young people is vital
What worries Bill Gates most? The booming population of Africa looms over his foundation‚Äôs latest global survey. By the end of this century there will be 4 billion more people on Earth ‚Äď and 3 billion of these extra souls will be born in Africa. The challenge, he says, is that ‚ÄúAfrica must almost quadruple its agricultural productivity to feed itself. That‚Äôs very daunting.‚ÄĚ
The philanthropist is torn between sending out a message of hope and a message of fear when I meet him at his foundation‚Äôs spacious campus in the heart of his hometown, Seattle.
In a country where one in four women have a child by 19, and health workers offering birth control have been met by men with machetes, confronting myths about contraception is vital
A woman lies on her back, a one-year-old straddling her. One hand is over her eyes, the other held out. A nurse gently inserts a small white strip of contraceptive implant into her upper arm while her baby plays on her. They beckon me in. Privacy hardly seems to be an issue here.
I am in a tent in Rwibale, in the Kyenjojo district of Uganda. We have driven for about five hours from Kampala to get here. It is a place that Prosper Kigumire, who is showing me around, describes as ‚Äúperi-rural‚ÄĚ. It seems rural enough, a village ‚Äď if that. I am with the mobile outreach team of Marie Stopes International. ‚ÄúI have four children so this does not hurt,‚ÄĚ says Monica, the women who is getting the implant. ‚ÄúI have no husband.‚ÄĚ
Its vast oil reserves ‚Äď it claims to have about 260bn barrels still to extract ‚Äď afford the most obvious advantage. The kingdom is the world‚Äôs largest oil exporter, pumping or shipping about 7m barrels a day, and giving Riyadh huge clout in the global economy because it wields power to push up prices.
Tracking right to lure AfD voters while rocking the boat in the coalition government turned off moderate Germans
It is, as Der Spiegel said, as if the all-conquering Bayern M√ľnchen, Germany‚Äôs most successful ever football club, had been ignominiously relegated ‚Äď but with rather more far-reaching consequences.
The CSU, the sister party of Angela Merkel‚Äôs CDU, has dominated Bavarian politics for six decades, winning absolute majorities in 12 of the past 13 elections. And it has not done a bad job: the well-heeled home state of BMW and Siemens has the highest employment and lowest crime rate in the country.
The archbishop of Constantinople has granted Ukraine‚Äôs wish for a church independent of Moscow
Donald Trump seems strangely in awe of Vladimir Putin. Theresa May‚Äôs attempts to face down the Kremlin after Salisbury have had limited impact. But has Putin finally met his match in Bartholomew I, the 270th archbishop of Constantinople-New Rome, ecumenical patriarch, and ‚Äúfirst among equals‚ÄĚ of the Eastern Orthodox church?
In the 2,000-year struggle between church and state, Barth-olomew chalked up a notable victory last week. Defying protests from the Kremlin and Russia‚Äôs clergy, the archbishop granted Ukraine‚Äôs wish to establish an independent church that will no longer answer, as it has since 1686, to the Moscow patriarchate. The decision was taken at a synod at Orthodox ‚Äúheadquarters‚ÄĚ in Istanbul, formerly Constantinople.
Rather than annoy a trading partner, the Tories turn a blind eye to the country‚Äôs excesses
Imagine how this government would have reacted if last weekend either Russia or Iran had abducted ‚Äď and in all likelihood murdered ‚Äď one of their dissident journalists within the sovereign territory of another country.
In fact, we do not need to imagine it. We need only look back five months to the faked assassination of the Russian journalist Arkady Babchenko on the streets of Kiev. It took the then foreign secretary, Boris Johnson, less than 24 hours to issue an official statement not only saying how appalled he was, but leaving no doubt that the Russian state was responsible and saying it must be held to account.
Pope Francis has made a saint of murdered Salvadoran archbishop √ďscar Romero, one of the most contentious Roman Catholic figures of the 20th century. In a ceremony before tens of thousands of people in St Peter‚Äôs Square, Francis declared Romero and Pope Paul VI saints along with five other lesser-known people.
People from across Germany have marched through Berlin to protest against racism, xenophobia and the far right in one of the country‚Äôs biggest rallies of recent years. Organisers put the turnout at 242,000 people. The demonstration on Saturday followed anti-immigration protests in several eastern cities during the summer.
The US president says he will speak to Salman about the disappearance of the journalist. Trump says the US government will find out what happened to Khashoggi. US officials say they are seeking answers from the Saudi government.
Donald Trump has made it clear that whatever the outcome of the inquiry into the disappearance of the journalist from the Saudi embassy in Istanbul, the US will not forgo lucrative arms deals with Riyadh. The president says the possibility of Saudi Arabia sourcing its arms from Russia or China instead is unacceptable
The quinceanŐÉera, the 15th birthday rite of passage into womanhood, is widely celebrated in Latino culture. The ostentatious display of wealth at these events is important, even in communist Cuba. The photographer Diana Markosian has documented the tradition in her Over the Rainbow project, which has been awarded the third Elliott Erwitt Havana Club 7 Fellowship. It will be on display at Paris Photo in the Grand Palais from 8-11 November
Aerial footage shows the extent of the damage along Florida's coastline after the devastating impact of Hurricane Michael, the strongest US storm in more than 25 years. It made landfall near Mexico Beach ‚Äď as seen in this video ‚Äď with winds of up to 155 mph
First lady Melania Trump says she could be 'the most bullied person' in the world, or one of them, judging by 'what people are saying about me'. She made the remark during a television interview for Good Morning America. The first lady said there are people in the White House who are not trustworthy and she had let her husband know about them
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